The memory of “60,000 and 11,000 number of years” in Rāmāyaṇa

A memory of an unremebered “Daśaratha” from post Toba volcanic eruption time — 72000 BCE

After writing an essay about Hanuman’s memory of Swati nakshatra (see it here), I pondered whether humans could recall such a painstaking recollection of a distant event that occurred when some nakshatra was in a different location. Since in oral tradition, it is possible. Numerous words have histories of potential diachronism, as shown by onomastic investigations, in addition to their semantic meaning of Sanskrit verb roots. The same verbroots can have different meanings. Some words potentially contain history( like river names). Similar to how onomastic analyses of words indicate a significant period of time and their historical nature, it appears that some mathematical expressions are not just philosophical but may also include the history of specific numbers of years.

Examining Numbers

The Phrases — just phraseology or brief assessment of time

ष्टिर्वर्षसहस्राणि जातस्य मम कौशिक।।1.20.10।।
दु:खेनोत्पादितश्चायं न रामं नेतुमर्हसि।

ṣṭirvarṣasahasrāṇi jātasya mama kauśika।।1.20.10।।
du:khenotpāditaścāyaṃ na rāmaṃ netumarhasi।

O scion of of Kusika family, sixty thousand years have passed since I was born. Rama was born to me after a great deal of suffering. It is not proper to take him with you.

daśa varṣa sahasrāṇi daśa varṣa śatāni ca ।
rāmo rājyam upāsitvā brahma lokam prayāsyati।।1.1.97।।

दशवर्षसहस्राणि दशवर्षशतानि च ।
रामो राज्यमुपासित्वा ब्रह्मलोकं प्रयास्यति ।।

Rama, reigning the kingdom for eleven thousand years, will attain Brahmaloka.

The clue

These stories come alive due to the similar name bearings in the monarchial system. Something like Rāma Kings of Thailand. All the kings of Chakri dynasty call themselves Rāma.

Souce — Wiki

Rāghava Rāma

Now why 11,000 and not 60,000 years for Rāma.

When the 11,000 years were attained?

21st Feb to 21st March = Vasanta’s first month.

Chaitra in that month would mean Chandragupta Maurya going back to 1500 BCE ± 500 years.

Kautilya-Arthashastra 2.20

Now by going with the evidence of timing given by Shri Nilesh Oak of Rāma- Rāvana yuddha-12209 BCE, just minus 11000 years to it and you get 1209 BCE. This is pretty close to Kautilya-Arthashastra reference. And if 11,000 years is a truth then the mention of 60,000 years was not just a phrase.

This time is pretty close to Toba explosion. There had been an Ikṣvāku Daśaratha just post Toba times.


  1. There had been many kings who were remembered in the name of their distant predecessors. Such a case is ruled in regard to Daśaratha.



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Rupa Bhaty

Architect and Adjunct Assistant Professor at School of Indic studies, Institute of Advanced Sciences, MA, USA