Hydronymy of Gautamī Tīrtha(Name of the river Gomatī) and its Connection with The Rising of Kṛttikās in Due East
Confluence of Astronomy and Hydronymy
The story of Kṛttikā-Tīrtha in Gautamī mahātmya
1. The holy centre next to Kārttikeya is known as Kṛttikā-Tīrtha. Merely by hearing about it one will acquire the benefit of drinking Soma juice.
2–3. Formerly, for quelling Tāraka, Fire god drank the semen of Śiva. On seeing him with the Semen within, O sage, the wives of sages desired for the same. Of the seven sages Vasiṣṭha’s wife Arundhatī had her menstrual bath. Excepting her, the other six women became pregnant through the Fire god.
4–6. They had scorching experience in their menstrual bath. They shone splendidly. They consulted mutually: “What shall we do? Where shall we go? How can we attain merit?” After saying thus mutually they went to Gaṅgā and pressed themselves hard. The foetuses coming out of them floated in the water in the form of foam. Through water and wind they joined together. Thus the six-faced lord with a single body was born.
7. After causing the abortion of the foetuses the wives of sages went home. On seeing their deformed bodies the sages said:
8. “You may go. You may go quickly. It is not proper for women to be licentious.” After saying this their husbands cast them off.
9–10. On being forsaken by their husbands, those six women became very miserable. On seeing them thus Nārada said: “By the names of Kārttikeya, Gāṅgeya (son of Gaṅgā), Agnibhava (born of Fire god) and Tārakāntaka (slayer of Tāraka) Śiva’s son is well known. Go to him. Ere long he will become pleased and grant you worldly pleasures.”
11. At the instance of the divine sage the Kṛttikās approached the six-faced lord and themselves intimated to him everything in the manner it had taken place.
12–16. Kārttikeya approved of them and said to them “All of you go to Gautamī. Take your bath and worship Maheśvara. I shall come there itself, and lead you to the abode of Devas”. Saying “So be it” the Kṛttikās took their bath in Gaṅgā and Gautamī. They worshipped the lord of Devas at the bidding of Kārttikeya. By the grace of the lord they went to their abode and were accepted by the sages.
Thenceforward that holy centre is called Kṛttikātīrtha. He who takes bath on the full moon day in the month of Kārttika, in conjunction with the Kṛttikā stars, acquires the benefit of all sacrifices. He becomes a virtuous king. He who remembers that holy centre or hears about it becomes rid of all sins and acquires long life. — Gautami Mahatmya
The Gomti river
The origin of Gomti is important here since it is a Kṛttikā’s tīrtha — Latitude of Gomat taal is 28.6239° N, 80.1181° E.
Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa contains a passage:
(Read more on Nilesh Oak ji’s blog here)
kṛttikāsvagnī ādadhīta | etā vā agninakṣatraṃ yatkṛttikāstadvai saloma yo
‘gninakṣatre ‘gnī ādadhātai tasmātkṛttikāsvādadhīta
He may set up the two fires 1 under the Kṛttikās; for they, the Kṛttikās, are doubtless Agni’s asterism, so that if he sets up his fires under Agni’s asterism, (he will bring about) a correspondence (between his fires and the asterism): for this reason he may set up his fires under the Kṛttikās.
We find that Kṛttikā rises due east during — 2926 BCE, not to be confused with the vernal equinox at Kṛttikās. The story is about the visual observation of Kṛttikās rising due east.
Clubbing both the information of Gomat tāla and Kṛttikās Tīrtha from Gautamī Mahātmya
Gomat tāla and its latitudinal position matches with the Kṛttikās rising due east. The month of Kārtika will be then during Autumnal equinox time. This is the time when Agastya rises and makes the rivers clean, got associated with ending of rains.
While Kṛttikās rising due east phenomena can be seen from the all the parts of India but I was in search of why various river Puśkarams are related to Jupiter, which is being celebrated each year during its transit into different rāśī. Other than that, I always had this conjecture that axial precession and rise of Agastya on various Indian latitude has the connection from deeper antiquity. There are various Agastya tīrtha, Vindhyāvasini tīrthas and Puṣkaram tīrthas as well which are found across pan India in many of the states. This must have been the great seat of learning for the rise of Agastya as well at the autumnal end during the same time when Kṛttikās were rising due east near (not at) vernal. It appears that the Axial Precession was clubbed up the Precession of Equinoxes or with the first visual observation of Asterism due east also. Or this may be just a coincidence.
The problem arises to place the reference of the Kṛttikās-Kartikeya story with rising in the east.
The similar story of Kṛttikās and Kārtikeya is present in the Ramayana* and Mahabharata and other scriptures in the form of Kārtikeya’s birth himself. In comparision to Ramayana, Mahabharata has a confluence of all the stories, including the stories of Ikshvaku kings like Bhagiratha — Bhāgirathi, Jahnu — Jāhnavi which are again Hydronymy references from the past. I have already mentioned and discussed Kṛttikās and Saptaṛṣis association in Saptamatrika and Shadmatrika system earlier in my blogs. This places the story to be from before Ramayana and Mahabharata times( Thus also 3102 BC is an impossible dating of Kali and Mahabharata). I have not yet speculated over the dating of śatapatha brāhmaṇa but the story and the Gautami tīrtha related to Kṛttikās apparently appears to be from the earlier cycle of precession of equinoxes.
Nevertheless, it is painful to read the wikipedia which ends with the authority of rejection by western authors as if all the Indian authors are fallen for deeper antiquities. Now compare the drying of all the rivers during LGM. The Agni of Kṛttikās is used here as a metaphor for drying of all the rivers except for Sadaanira, following that, the information comes, “Agni Vaiśvānara has not burnt them”. Ain’t that interesting? If you evaluate all the research papers on Himalayan rivers of LGM times you will find that river basins have gone up due to freezing of waters of rivers in the Himalayas and the flowing rivers had shallowed and shrinked (for the reader’s homework). Then what does the SB and all the 37 scripture story of Kṛttikās suggests?
Its happening around 27,000+ BCE.
I wonder if Shri Subhash Kak ji can be extensively rejected for 1900 BCE and 3000 BCE, then what will be the world view of my find of 27,000+ BCE. While I completely reject the ideas of dating by western authors since they do not understand that the world existed before 4004 BC. On the contrary I am also pained to read Indian researcher’s works. Whom to blame now.
Therefore, read the scriptures by yourself.
So many coincidences? Any takers on dating Gomat tāla…? My answer is between 27000~29000 BCE.
Compare — “In Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa’s anuvāka ii. 1, 2, 4, Seven Ṛṣis, the group of stars in the Great bear/big dipper constellation are mentioned. Ṛkṣa, ‘bear,’ is found only once in the Ṛgveda- v. 56, 3.” https://medium.com/p/c3e2fe9ccddd . You might remember the famous saptarishi mention in Ramayana. How old the other memories are then in Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa?
- Chapter XXXVII < [Book 1 — Bāla-kāṇḍa]; Then the celestials called him Kārtikeya, saying, ‘Without doubt, this son shall become famed over the … And, O Kākutstha, since Kārtikeyahad issued from (Gaṅgā s) womb the celestials called that effulgent … He who, O Kākutstha, on earth revere Kārtikeya, is blessed, and attain righteousness, and being long-lived Chapter XXXVI < [Book 1 — Bāla-kāṇḍa]; Here sprang from Fire Kārtikeya of mighty energy,
- also found in 37 different scriptures.